Yup, that's a Tonika. Not my favorite Soviet geetar, but highly important in their electric guitar development. The Tele of the USSR.
Yeah, that's basically the truth. Soviet guitar builders were cursed (especially early on) with having no real luthiery experience and also no access to Western guitars with which to develop those skills. Combine that with typical Soviet lack of QC, brass frets (yup), and multiple factories producing the same guitar, you have a scenario in which that thing was sold to somebody looking like that. On the flip side, here's about the best Tonika I've ever seen:So you know about these? Looks unplayable- pickups don't line up with the strings properly, and that bridge. Kind of a nightmare. The guitar equivalent of that Soviet car, the Lada.